Tag Archives: cien

Spanish Numbers – Part 1

There are two types of numerals in Spanish: cardinal numbers and ordinal numbers.

The cardinal numbers or números cardinals are the numbers that correspond to series: uno (one), dos (two), tres (three), cuatro (four), etc. The second group, the ordinal numbers are numbers referred to the order in series: primero (first), segundo (second), tercero (third), cuarto (fourth), etc.

 

In this post we will study them and we will see that the numerals can be adjectives and pronouns. For instance:

 

– Tengo dos hermanos españoles (I have two Spanish brothers) (Adjective)

– Los dos están jugando al fútbol (the two are playing football) (Pronoun)

 

Cardinal numbers


1 uno (un), una

2 dos

3 tres

4 cuatro

5 cinco

6 seis

7 siete

8 ocho

9 nueve

10 diez

11 once

12 doce

13 trece

14 catorce

15 quince

16 dieciséis

17 diecisiete

18 dieciocho

19 diecinueve

20 veinte

21 veintiuno

30 treinta        31 treinta y uno    40 cuarenta

50 cincuenta  60 sesenta           70 setenta

80 ochenta     90 noventa          100 cien (see below)

The Spelling and gender of cardinal numbers in Spanish

 

– Numbers from 0 to 30 are written as a single word

– Numbers from 31 to 99 are written as two words linked by except for the tens (20, 30, 40, 50,) : treinta y uno (31).

 

Numbers are masculine in general. For instance, throwing a six and a four with the dice in Spanish would be : un seis, un cuatro.

-¿Uno or una?

Uno is replaced by una if it is followed by a feminine singular noun: una libra (one pound)

– ¿Uno o un?

 

uno is shortened to un when it is followed by a masculine singular noun: tengo un euro (I have one euro)

Hundreds:

100 cien 300 trescientos  800 ochocientos

101 ciento uno  400 cuatrocientos 900 novecientos

200 doscientos  500 quinientos

201 doscientos uno  600 seiscientos

Ciento is shortened to cien before a noun or an adjective but not before another number, except mil (thousand). Examples:

cien estudiantes (a hundred students)

ciento una familias (a hundred and one families)

los cien mejores libros (the hundred best books)

ciento treinta casas (a hundred and thirty houses)

ciento un estudiantes (a hundred and one students)

cien mil habitants (a hundred thousand inhabitants)

 

We hope we helped with the Spanish Numerals. (Spanish info)

Spanish Numerals – Part 2

In Spanish, hundreds agree in gender with a following noun:

 

Doscientas mujeres (two hundred women)

Docientos hombres (two hundred men)

Thousands:

 

1000 mil.

2000 dos mil.

3000 tres mil.

10.000 diez mil.

100.000 cien mil.

500.000 quinientos mil.

159.748 ciento cincuenta y nueve mil setecientos cuarenta y ocho.

1.000.000 un millón.

1.500.000 un millón quinientos mil.

25.667.477 veinticinco millones seiscientos sesenta y siete mil cuatrocientos setenta y siete.

The word -mil- is invariable when plural thousands are being expressed. But can appear in the plural in the expression -miles de – (thousand of).

Unlike in English, -mil- is not preceded by an article. For instance:

– Tengo mil dolares (I have a thousand dollars)

To refer to two million or more, Spanish uses the plural of -miles de millones-.

Punctuation of numbers in Spanish

Note when writing numbers in Spanish, a comma is used where a full stop appears in English and vice versa.

 

3.465 tres mil cuatro cientos sesenta y cinco (three thousand four hundred and sixty five)

3,465 tres coma cuatro cientos sesenta y cinco (three point four six five)

Saying dates and telephone numbers

The full stop is not used when writing years even if we are talking about thousands. In Spanish, telephone number are said in tens whenever possible. For instance.

 

91 47 34 28  (noventa y uno cuarenta y siete, treinta y cuatro veintiocho)

 

Ordinal numbers

As we said before, ordinal numbers are those used to indicate the position in series or successions.

Primero (first)

Segundo (second)

Tercero (third)

Cuarto (fourth)

Quinto (fifth)

Sexto (sixth)

Séptimo (seventh)

Octavo (eighth)

Noveno (ninth)

Décimo (tenth)

Rules:

– Ordinal numbers agree in gender and number with the noun they accompany:

 

El primero de la clase (the first of the class)

La primera mujer presidenta (The first woman president)

Las segundas partes nunca son buenas (The second parts are never good)

En los décimos pisos hace calor (In the tenth floors is always hot)

Another two examples that drops in front of a noun:

El primer libro del autor (The first book of the author)

Vivo en el tercer piso (I live in the third floor)

 

Uses

Ordinal numbers are used in Spanish specially in the following cases.

– Numbers form 1 to 9

– Naming kings, queens and popes

– When something is with Roman numbers

– To name centuries

 

We hope we helped with the Spanish Numerals. (Spanish info)