Category Archives: Spanish Grammar

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El preterito-imperfecto

Las diferencias entre el pretérito y el imperfecto son uno de los temas más complejos de la lengua española, no sólo para el estudiante, sino para el profesor. Vamos a escribir algunos ejemplos en el que se emplea el imperfecto o el pretérito y entonces observaremos detalladamente las diferencias. ¿Quieres repasar más gramática?   Cuando era pequeño me asomaba a la ventana por las noches hasta que mi padre llegaba.   ACCIÓN HABITUAL EN EL PASADO = IMPERFECTO   Por lo tanto el imperfecto se emplea Read More +

Spanish Prepositions – Sobre and Tras

We are now going to finish with the last two Spanish Prepositions and some examples in order to clarify this topic. “Sobre” sobre= over, about, on top of, above, approximately   – To show position of something keeping contact physically (“on top of”, “on”): Ej: El libro está sobre la mesa (The book is on the table)      Pon los pies sobre el suelo (Put the feet on the floor)   – To show position with no physical contact (“above”, “over”): Ej: Hay pájaros volando sobre Read More +

Spanish Adjectives

Spanish Adjectives Adjectives are words that go with the noun to modify or qualify the meaning adding more information or detail making it different to the others and more specific. The most important adjectives are the qualifying adjectives. Examples of this type of adjectives are pequeño (small), azul (blue) or beautiful (bonito). These are the group that we are going to study in this section. Adjectives agree in number As we saw, every word around the noun has to agree in number. In other words, Read More +

Possessives adjectives in Spanish

The possessive words in Spanish are words used to express possession or belonging. In this section we are going to study two groups of possessives: possessives adjectives and possessives pronouns.   Possessives adjectives   Possessive adjectives are used to indicate possession in Spanish, and they must agree in number (singular or plural) with the item being possessed.   Here is a list of the Spanish possessive adjectives that are used before the noun: Mi / mis (my) tu / tus  (your) su / sus (its, Read More +

Spanish Numbers – Part 1

There are two types of numerals in Spanish: cardinal numbers and ordinal numbers. The cardinal numbers or números cardinals are the numbers that correspond to series: uno (one), dos (two), tres (three), cuatro (four), etc. The second group, the ordinal numbers are numbers referred to the order in series: primero (first), segundo (second), tercero (third), cuarto (fourth), etc.   In this post we will study them and we will see that the numerals can be adjectives and pronouns. For instance:   – Tengo dos hermanos Read More +